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Theodore N. Pappas, MD

The Duke Surgical Innovation Distinguished Professorship
Professor of Surgery
Office: 1131 Hosp South, Yellow Zone, Durham, NC 27710
Campus Mail: DUMC Box 3479 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710

RESEARCH: We have a long interest in understanding the importance of the volume-quality relationship for surgeons. In addition, we have done extensive work studying the impact of surgical trainees on the outcomes for patients. Our division is trying to fully understand the importance of robotic surgery to the future of cancer surgery.

CLINICAL: Our team has an extensive experience in aggressive surgical approaches to pancreatic cancer, including Whipple resection, subtotal pancreatectomy, laparoscopic and open pancreatic tail resection, laparoscopic/robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy, ablative techniques for the pancreas, and peripancreatic vascular resection. When clinically indicated, we employ less extensive pancreatic and duodenal operations, such as ampullary resection, duodenal resection, sphinceroplasty, and benign tumor enucleation.

We take care of every variety of complicated abdominal wall and diaphragmatic hernias, including flank hernias, paraesophageal hernias, recurrent abdominal wall hernias, abdominal mesh infections, and hernias associated with colostomies. 

Other areas of interest include stomach surgery (for ulcer disease or cancer), treatment of complications of pancreatitis, routine and complicated gall bladder disease, and inguinal hernia repair. 

Education and Training

  • M.D., Ohio State University, 1981


Esagian, Stepan Michran, Dimitrios Spinos, Anastasia Vasilopoulou, Nikolaos Syrigos, Muath Bishawi, Ruediger Wilhelm Lehrich, John Paul Middleton, Paul Vincent Suhocki, Theodore Nick Pappas, and Konstantinos P. Economopoulos. “Influence of peritoneal dialysis catheter type on complications and long-term outcomes: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.” J Nephrol 34, no. 6 (December 2021): 1973–87.

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Esagian, Stepan M., Georgios A. Sideris, Muath Bishawi, Ioannis A. Ziogas, Ruediger W. Lehrich, John P. Middleton, Paul V. Suhocki, Theodore N. Pappas, and Konstantinos P. Economopoulos. “Surgical versus percutaneous catheter placement for peritoneal dialysis: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.” J Nephrol 34, no. 5 (October 2021): 1681–96.

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Mosca, P. J., S. Zani, M. M. Haglund, B. H. Collins, S. Wasiolek, T. N. Pappas, A. D. Kirk, and L. C. Cendales. “The Legacy of Joseph A. Moylan, M.D.: "it's about Everyone Else".” Annals of Surgery, January 1, 2021.

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