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Stuart Johnston Knechtle, MD

William R. Kenan, Jr. Distinguished Professor
Professor of Surgery
Adjunct Professor in the Department of Medicine

During my career as an academic surgeon, I have had the privilege of leading and/or participating in a diverse portfolio of hypothesis-driven research projects.  These projects have centered on the immunology of surgery and transplantation, including both cellular and antibody-mediated immune responses.  During my training I studied the response of hyper-sensitized recipients to allogeneic liver transplantation, and am currently studying means of reducing immunologic memory that might allow more successful transplantation in sensitized recipients.  This immune response involves pathways of coagulation, antibody-mediated rejection, and cellular rejection and current work in my lab involves these three pathways.  The other major focuses of my work have been co-stimulation blockade and immune cell depletion as approaches to immunologic unresponsiveness or tolerance.  My research group has been involved in translational and clinical research to develop these mechanistic tools for the benefit of human organ transplant recipients.

Recent Publications

Knechtle SJ, Shaw JM, Hering BJ, Kraemer K, Madsen JC. Translational impact of NIH-funded nonhuman primate research in transplantation. Sci Transl Med. 2019 Jul 10;11(500). pii: eaau0143. Reprint | Full Text

Education and Training

  • Transplant Fellow, Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1989 - 1991
  • Residency, Surgery, Duke University School of Medicine, 1982 - 1989
  • M.D., Cornell University, Weill Medical College, 1982

Selected Grants


Medbery, Rachel L., Tatiana S. Chadid, John F. Sweeney, Stuart J. Knechtle, David A. Kooby, Shishir K. Maithel, Edward Lin, and Juan M. Sarmiento. “Laparoscopic vs open right hepatectomy: a value-based analysis.” J Am Coll Surg 218, no. 5 (May 2014): 929–39.

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Squires, Malcolm H., Steven I. Hanish, Sarah B. Fisher, Cristen Garrett, David A. Kooby, Juan M. Sarmiento, Kenneth Cardona, et al. “Transplant versus resection for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma meeting Milan Criteria in the MELD exception era at a single institution in a UNOS region with short wait times.” J Surg Oncol 109, no. 6 (May 2014): 533–41.

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O’Leary, J. G., A. J. Demetris, L. S. Friedman, H. M. Gebel, P. F. Halloran, A. D. Kirk, S. J. Knechtle, et al. “The role of donor-specific HLA alloantibodies in liver transplantation.” Am J Transplant 14, no. 4 (April 2014): 779–87.

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Haas, M., B. Sis, L. C. Racusen, K. Solez, D. Glotz, R. B. Colvin, M. C. R. Castro, et al. “Banff 2013 meeting report: inclusion of c4d-negative antibody-mediated rejection and antibody-associated arterial lesions.” In Am J Transplant, 14:272–83, 2014.

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Kim, E. J., J. Kwun, A. C. Gibby, J. J. Hong, A. B. Farris, N. N. Iwakoshi, F. Villinger, A. D. Kirk, and S. J. Knechtle. “Costimulation blockade alters germinal center responses and prevents antibody-mediated rejection.” Am J Transplant 14, no. 1 (January 2014): 59–69.

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Thammana, Rekha V., Stuart J. Knechtle, Rene Romero, Thomas G. Heffron, Caroline T. Daniels, and Rachel E. Patzer. “Racial and socioeconomic disparities in pediatric and young adult liver transplant outcomes.” Liver Transpl 20, no. 1 (January 2014): 100–115.

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Tanaka, H., G. -. X. Yang, N. Iwakoshi, S. J. Knechtle, K. Kawata, K. Tsuneyama, P. Leung, et al. “Anti-CD40 ligand monoclonal antibody delays the progression of murine autoimmune cholangitis.” Clin Exp Immunol 174, no. 3 (December 2013): 364–71.

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Tyson, Mark D., Eric S. Wisenbaugh, Paul E. Andrews, Erik P. Castle, and Mitchell R. Humphreys. “Simultaneous kidney transplantation and bilateral native nephrectomy for polycystic kidney disease.” J Urol 190, no. 6 (December 2013): 2170–74.

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