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Tamara Noel Fitzgerald, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Surgery
Associate Research Professor of Global Health

My academic interest is global pediatric surgery.  There are millions of children worldwide who do not have access to safe surgery for congenital anomalies and acquired conditions.  As a result, many children in low-middle income countries live with chronic disability or die before they can access surgical care.  In many cultures, congenital problems may also lead to social isolation or catastrophic health expenditure for families.

Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have just a handful of qualified surgeons.  For example, in Uganda, the country where I have most frequently worked, there are 4 general pediatric surgeons for a country of 39 million people.  This would be the equivalent of 32 pediatric surgeons serving the entire United States.  There are neighboring countries with no pediatric surgeons.

My work focuses on surgical capacity building - empowering and working with local surgeons in low-middle income countries to increase numbers of surgical providers, improve quality and increase surgical support services such as intensive care and anesthesia services.  I have several ongoing projects regarding the burden of surgical disease for patients and their families in low-middle income countries, surgical training and capacity building.

Education and Training

  • Pediatric Surgery Fellow, Pediatric Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, 2011 - 2013
  • General Surgery Resident, Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, 2004 - 2011
  • Ph.D., Boston University, 2004
  • M.D., Boston University School of Medicine, 2004
  • B.S., Boston University, 1997

Publications

Gupta, Aryaman, Erin Brown, Joseph T. Davis, John Sekabira, Nimmi Ramanujam, Jenna Mueller, and Tamara N. Fitzgerald. “KeyLoop: Mechanical Retraction of the Abdominal Wall for Gasless Laparoscopy.” Surg Innov 29, no. 1 (February 2022): 88–97. https://doi.org/10.1177/15533506211031084.

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Thornton, Steven W., Raluca E. Gosman, Debra L. Sudan, Henry E. Rice, Mitchell K. Arbogast, and Tamara N. Fitzgerald. “Biliary atresia in a neonate with a history of COVID-19: A case report.” Int J Surg Case Rep 90 (January 2022): 106705. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.106705.

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Farrow, Norma E., Sarah J. Commander, Christopher R. Reed, Jenna L. Mueller, Aryaman Gupta, Amos H. P. Loh, John Sekabira, and Tamara N. Fitzgerald. “Laparoscopic experience and attitudes toward a low-cost laparoscopic system among surgeons in East, Central, and Southern Africa: a survey study.” Surg Endosc 35, no. 12 (December 2021): 6539–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-08151-w.

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Grabski, David F., Margaret Ajiko, Peter Kayima, Nensi Ruzgar, David Nyeko, Tamara N. Fitzgerald, Monica Langer, et al. “Access to pediatric surgery delivered by general surgeons and anesthesia providers in Uganda: Results from 2 rural regional hospitals.” Surgery 170, no. 5 (November 2021): 1397–1404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2021.05.007.

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Commander, Sarah Jane, and Tamara N. Fitzgerald. “Invited Commentary: "Familial Non-Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma in Pediatric Age: Our Surgical Experience.".” World J Surg 45, no. 8 (August 2021): 2480–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06153-w.

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Simmons, Kirsten L., Jason C. Chandrapal, Steven Wolf, Henry E. Rice, Elisabeth E. Tracy, Tamara Fitzgerald, Gina-Maria Pomann, and Jonathan C. Routh. “Open versus minimally-invasive surgical techniques in pediatric renal tumors: A population-level analysis of in-hospital outcomes.” J Pediatr Urol 17, no. 4 (August 2021): 534.e1-534.e7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2021.03.010.

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Mueller, Jenna L., Natalie Rozman, Enakshi D. Sunassee, Aryaman Gupta, Cayla Schuval, Arushi Biswas, Bailey Knight, et al. “An Accessible Laparoscope for Surgery in Low- and Middle- Income Countries.” Ann Biomed Eng 49, no. 7 (July 2021): 1657–69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-020-02707-6.

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McNee, Madeline A., Daniel A. DeUgarte, J Ted Gerstle, Marilyn W. Butler, Robin Petroze, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Francisca Velcek, Muriel Cleary, Sanjay Krishnaswami, and Tamara N. Fitzgerald. “The first six years of the APSA Travel Fellowship Program: Impact and lessons learned.” J Pediatr Surg 56, no. 5 (May 2021): 862–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.06.030.

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