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Monty Hughes Jr., PhD

Director, Duke University Urinary Dysfunction Laboratory
Assistant Professor in Surgery
Office: 383 MSRB 1, Durham, NC 27710
Campus Mail: DUMC 383 MSRB 1, Durham, NC 27710

 Dr. Hughes received his Ph.D. from the Medical University of South Carolina and was a post doc at both the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and NIH. He then joined the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte where he rose to the rank of Associate Professor (with tenure). Following a brief stint as the director of the biology division of a start-up pharmaceutical company, he joined forces with Dr. Purves at the Medical University of South Carolina to begin this lab focused on benign urinary disorders. Dr. Hughes has been at Duke since 2015. He is currently an Assistant Professor working within the Department of Surgery and Division of Urology. He serves as the Director of the Urinary Dysfunction Laboratory which studies the role of inflammation in disorders such as bladder outlet obstruction and diabetic bladder dysfunction. In association with Dr. J Todd Purves, this lab has been instrumental in demonstrating the central importance of the NLRP3 inflammasome in sensing the biochemical stressors associated with these disorders and translating them into an inflammatory signal. This signal is ultimately responsible for changes in voiding function, denervation and fibrosis.

Education and Training

  • Senior Research Scientist, Surgery / Urology, Duke University School of Medicine, 2015 - 2019
  • Ph.D., Medical University of South Carolina, 1992
  • B.S., Clemson University, 1987

Publications

Hughes, Francis M., Stephanie J. Sexton, Patrick D. Ledig, Chloe E. Yun, Huixia Jin, and J Todd Purves. “Bladder decompensation and reduction in nerve density in a rat model of chronic bladder outlet obstruction are attenuated with the NLRP3 inhibitor glyburide.” Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 316, no. 1 (January 1, 2019): F113–20. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00400.2018.

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Harper, Shelby N., Patrick D. Leidig, Francis M. Hughes, Huixia Jin, and J Todd Purves. “Calcium Pyrophosphate And Monosodium Urate Activate The NLRP3 Inflammasome Within Bladder Urothelium Via Reactive Oxygen Species And TXNIP.” Res Rep Urol 11 (2019): 319–25. https://doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S225767.

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Dunton, Cody L., J Todd Purves, Francis M. Hughes, Huixia Jin, and Jiro Nagatomi. “Elevated hydrostatic pressure stimulates ATP release which mediates activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome via P2X4 in rat urothelial cells.” Int Urol Nephrol 50, no. 9 (September 2018): 1607–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11255-018-1948-0.

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Hirshman, N., F. Hughes, H. Jin, and T. Purves. “BEST IN CATEGORY PRIZE "NEUROUROLOGY" SYMPTOMS OF DIABETIC BLADDER DYSFUNCTION MAY BE EXPLAINED BY SPECIFIC NLRP3-INDUCED CHANGES IN BLADDER AFFERENT NERVES.” In Neurourology and Urodynamics, 37:S164–66. WILEY, 2018.

Scholars@Duke

Leidig, Patrick, Francis Hughes, and J Todd Purves. “COMPONENTS OF URINARY STONES ACTIVATE THE NLRP3 INFLAMMASOME IN BLADDER UROTHELIUM.” In Journal of Urology, 199:E298–E298. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2018.

Scholars@Duke

Hughes, Francis, Brian Inouye, Eloise Stanton, Chloe Yun, Huixia Jin, and J. Purves. “NLRP3 INFLAMMASOME MEDIATED INFLAMMATION AND DENERVATION ARE CRITICAL PROCESSES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF DIABETIC BLADDER DYSFUNCTION.” In Journal of Urology, 199:E501–E501. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2018.

Scholars@Duke

Hughes, Francis, Stephanie Sexton, Patrick Leidig, Huixia Jin, and J. Purves. “PHARMACOLOGICAL INHIBITION OF THE NLRP3 INFLAMMASOME PREVENTS BLADDER DECOMPENSATION IN A RAT MODEL OF CHRONIC BLADDER OUTLET OBSTRUCTION.” In Journal of Urology, 199:E112–13. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2018.

Scholars@Duke

Lütolf, Robin, Francis M. Hughes, Brian M. Inouye, Huixia Jin, Jennifer C. McMains, Elena S. Pak, Johanna L. Hannan, and J Todd Purves. “NLRP3/IL-1β mediates denervation during bladder outlet obstruction in rats.” Neurourol Urodyn 37, no. 3 (March 2018): 952–59. https://doi.org/10.1002/nau.23419.

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Inouye, Brian M., Francis M. Hughes, Stephanie J. Sexton, and J Todd Purves. “The Emerging Role of Inflammasomes as Central Mediators in Inflammatory Bladder Pathology.” Curr Urol 11, no. 2 (February 2018): 57–72. https://doi.org/10.1159/000447196.

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Inouye, Brian M., Francis M. Hughes, Huixia Jin, Robin Lütolf, Kunal C. Potnis, Jonathan C. Routh, Douglas C. Rouse, Wen-Chi Foo, and J Todd Purves. “Diabetic bladder dysfunction is associated with bladder inflammation triggered through hyperglycemia, not polyuria.” Res Rep Urol 10 (2018): 219–25. https://doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S177633.

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