Evolution of Single-Use Urologic Endoscopy: Benchtop and Initial Clinical Assessment of a New Single-Use Flexible Cystoscope.
Introduction: Office cystoscopy is one of the most frequently performed procedures by a urologist. However, single-use cystoscopes remain quite undeveloped. Ambu® has developed single-use broncoscopes, rhinolaryngoscopes, and duodenoscopes. Recently, they released a single-use cystoscope. In this study, we performed a benchtop and an initial clinical assessment of the Ambu aScope™ (4) Cysto (aS4C) single-use cystoscope. Materials and Methods: Ten new, never-used aS4C single-use cystoscopes were assessed for optical performance, maximal tip flexion, and irrigation flow rate with empty working channel, 365 μm laser fiber, 0.035 in hydrophilic-tipped wire, 1.9F nitinol basket, and a 1.8 mm flexible stent grasper. All cystoscopes were then fully flexed 25 times in each direction, and maximal flexion angles were remeasured with and without instruments. Optical resolution, distortion, and depth of field were measured and compared with our reusable digital flexible cystoscopes. Assessment of clinical use was performed for inpatient bedside procedures using a Likert feedback survey and the NASA Task Load Index. Results: Maximal upward flexion exceeded 200° and 160° for all working instruments in upward and downward flexion. Downward flexion demonstrated different flexion between instrument groups in pre- and postcycling (p < 0.001). There was no clinical difference between the pre- and postcycling flexion. Flow rate decreased with increasing working instrument size (p < 0.001). The Olympus HD cystoscope resolution was superior at 3 and 5 mm distance, but not at other distances. The Ambu scope was superior to the Olympus SD scope at all distances except 3 mm. The aS4C had higher Likert scale survey scores for clinical use. Conclusions: The new Ambu single-use cystoscope demonstrates good flexion across instruments and comparable optics with reusable cystoscopes. In addition, initial inpatient bedside use of the aS4C and Monitor system compares favorably with the Olympus reusable cystoscope. Further testing in clinical scenarios such as hematuria, urothelial carcinoma, and operative endoscopy is warranted.
Whelan, Patrick, Christopher Kim, Christian Tabib, Glenn M. Preminger, and Michael E. Lipkin. “Evolution of Single-Use Urologic Endoscopy: Benchtop and Initial Clinical Assessment of a New Single-Use Flexible Cystoscope.” J Endourol 36, no. 1 (January 2022): 13–21. https://doi.org/10.1089/end.2021.0219.