Roux-en-Y gastric bypass decreases serum inflammatory markers and cardiovascular risk factors in obese diabetics.
BACKGROUND: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with elevated levels of inflammatory markers. This chronic inflammation is known to contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular disease in these populations. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with a high rate of diabetes remission. We hypothesize that laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass decreases systemic inflammatory markers and cardiovascular disease risk factors in obese diabetics. METHODS: This was a single-institution prospective cohort study of 61 obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 30 patients underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, and 31 patients underwent standard medical therapy with diabetes support and education. Collected data included preoperative and postoperative inflammatory biomarkers and clinical parameters. RESULTS: Twelve months after undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, controlling for sex and age, there was a significant correlation between a change in interleukin-6 and a change in systolic blood pressure (Spearman r = 0.41, P = .03). Similarly, when sex and age were controlled for in the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass group, a statistically significant relationship remained between percent excess weight loss and change in interleukin-6 (P = .001). CONCLUSION: A significant relationship exists between decreased systemic interleukin-6 levels and both excess weight loss and lowered systolic blood pressure after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in obese patients with diabetes mellitus. These correlations may explain the decreased risk of cardiovascular disease after surgical weight reduction in this patient population.
Rossi, Isolina, Philip Omotosho, Jennifer Poirier, Anna Spagnoli, and Alfonso Torquati. “Roux-en-Y gastric bypass decreases serum inflammatory markers and cardiovascular risk factors in obese diabetics.” Surgery, November 6, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2020.09.039.