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The Effect of Tumor Size and Histologic Findings on Outcomes After Segmentectomy vs Lobectomy for Clinically Node-Negative Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

BACKGROUND: The interaction between tumor size and the comparative prognosis of lobar and sublobar resection has been defined poorly. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to characterize the relationship between tumor size and the receipt of segmentectomy or lobectomy in association with overall survival in patients with clinically node-negative non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The 2004-2015 National Cancer Database (NCDB) was queried for patients with cT1-3N0M0 NSCLC who underwent segmentectomy or lobectomy without neoadjuvant therapy or missing survival data. The primary outcome was overall survival, which was evaluated using multivariate Cox proportional hazards including an interaction term between tumor size and type of surgery. RESULTS: A total of 143,040 patients were included: 135,446 (95%) underwent lobectomy and 7594 (5%) underwent segmentectomy. In multivariate Cox regression, a significant three-way interaction was found among tumor size, histologic results, and type of surgery (P < .001). When patients were stratified by histologic results, lobectomy was associated with significantly improved survival compared with segmentectomy beyond a tumor size of approximately 10 mm for adenocarcinoma and 15 mm for squamous cell carcinoma that was recapitulated in subgroup analyses. No interaction between tumor size and type of surgery was found for patients with neuroendocrine tumors. INTERPRETATION: In this NCDB study of patients with node-negative NSCLC, we found different tumor size thresholds, based on histologic results, that identified populations of patients who least and most benefitted from lobectomy compared with segmentectomy.

Citation: 

Raman, Vignesh, Oliver K. Jawitz, Soraya L. Voigt, Kristen E. Rhodin, Thomas A. D’Amico, David H. Harpole, Chi-Fu Jeffrey Yang, and Betty C. Tong. “The Effect of Tumor Size and Histologic Findings on Outcomes After Segmentectomy vs Lobectomy for Clinically Node-Negative Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.” Chest 159, no. 1 (January 2021): 390–400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.06.066.

Published Date: 
Friday, January 1, 2021
Published In: 
Chest
PMID: 
32652096