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The Association of Increased FFP:RBC Transfusion Ratio to Primary Graft Dysfunction in Bleeding Lung Transplantation Patients.

OBJECTIVES: Lung transplantation is associated with a significant risk of needed transfusion. Although algorithm-based transfusion strategies that promote a high fresh frozen plasma:red blood cells (FFP:RBC) ratio have reduced overall blood product requirements in other populations, large-volume transfusions have been linked to primary graft dysfunction (PGD) in lung transplantation, particularly use of platelets and plasma. The authors hypothesized that in lung transplant recipients requiring large-volume transfusions, a higher FFP:RBC ratio would be associated with increased PGD severity at 72 hours. DESIGN: Observational retrospective review. SETTING: Single tertiary academic center. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients undergoing bilateral or single orthotopic lung transplantation and receiving >4 U PRBC in the first 72 hours from February 2014 to March 2019. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Patient demographics, operative characteristics, blood transfusions, and outcomes including PGD scores and length of stay were collected. Eighty-nine patients received >4U PRBC, had available 72-hour PGD data, and were included in the study. These patients were grouped into a high-ratio (>1:2 units of FFP:RBC, N = 38) or low-ratio group (<1:2 units of FFP:RBC, N = 51). Patients in the high-ratio group received more transfusions and factor concentrates and had significantly longer case length. The high-ratio group had a higher rate of severe PGD at 72 hours (60.5% v 23.5%, p = 0.0013) and longer hospital length of stay (40 v 32 days, p = 0.0273). CONCLUSIONS: In bleeding lung transplantation patients at high risk for PGD, a high FFP:RBC transfusion ratio was associated with worsened 72-hour PGD scores when compared with the low-ratio cohort.

Citation: 

Seay, Theresa, Nicole Guinn, Yasmin Maisonave, Matt Fuller, Jessica Poisson, Angela Pollak, Ben Bryner, et al. “The Association of Increased FFP:RBC Transfusion Ratio to Primary Graft Dysfunction in Bleeding Lung Transplantation Patients.” J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 34, no. 11 (November 2020): 3024–32. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2020.05.043.

Published Date: 
Sunday, November 1, 2020
Published In: 
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth
PMID: 
32622711