Racial Disparities in Bariatric Surgery Complications and Mortality Using the MBSAQIP Data Registry.
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in postoperative complications have been demonstrated in bariatric surgery, yet the relationship of race to complication severity is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Adult laparoscopic primary bariatric procedures were queried from the 2015 and 2016 MBSAQIP registry. Adjusted logistic and multinomial regressions were used to examine the relationships between race and 30-day complications categorized by the Clavien-Dindo grading system. RESULTS: A total of 212,970 patients were included in the regression analyses. For Black patients, readmissions were higher (OR = 1.39, p < 0.0001) and the odds of a Grade 1, 3, 4, or 5 complication were increased compared with White patients (OR = 1.21, p < 0.0001; OR = 1.21, p < 0.0001; OR = 1.22, p = 0.01; and OR = 1.43, p = 0.04) respectively. The odds of a Grade 3 complication for Hispanic patients were higher compared with White patients (OR = 1.59, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Black patients have higher odds of readmission and multiple grades of complications (including death) compared with White patients. Hispanic patients have higher odds of a Grade 3 complication compared with White patients. No significant differences were found with other races. Specific causes of these disparities are beyond the limitations of the dataset and stand as a topic for future inquiry.
Welsh, Leonard K., Andrew R. Luhrs, Gerardo Davalos, Ramon Diaz, Andres Narvaez, Juan Esteban Perez, Reginald Lerebours, Maragatha Kuchibhatla, Dana D. Portenier, and Alfredo D. Guerron. “Racial Disparities in Bariatric Surgery Complications and Mortality Using the MBSAQIP Data Registry.” Obes Surg 30, no. 8 (August 2020): 3099–3110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04657-3.